Hizb-e Wahdat - Afghanistan
The Dissipation of Political Capital Among Afghanistan's Hazaras (2001 - 2009)
Niamatullah Ibrahimi - Crisis States Research Centre [ Download PDF ]
This paper examines the historical background and political processes behind the formation of Hizb-e Wahdat-e Islami Afghanistan (The Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan). It lays out the evolving political agendas and strategies of the party during the years of civil war, Taliban rule and the post-2001 political process. It is also attempted to explain how the party has responded to the changes and eventually fragmented in the 2001-2009 period
Note: Below information is historical in nature and portray's party's structure during its peak period.
Hizb-e Wahdat (Historical)
Following is the hierarchical structure of Hizb-e Wahdat:
Shura-e Aali Nuzarat (Supreme Supervisory Council)
This council is the highest structural body of Hizb-e Wahdat. This council has 12 members and consists of the religious scholars, Intellectuals, technocrats and the tribal heads. This council has the important
duty to supervise all the activities and the policies of Hizb-e Wahdat and in the case of necessity forwards its recommendations for the betterment of the party activities. Central Committee of the party is bound to pass all
their policies by this council. So in brief this council is the most important organ of the party structure. The chairman of this council is Ayatollah Sadiqi Parwani, who is also the vice president of the Islamic State of
Some of the other members of Shura-e Aali Nizarat (Supreme Advisory Council) are as follows.
- Ayatollah Sadiqqi Parwani (Religious Scholar)
- Ayatollah Qurban Ali Mohaqiq (Same)
- Ayatollah Salihi Mudarris (Same)
- Sayyed Ghulam Hussain Musavi (Intellectual)
- Sayyed Abbas Hakimi (Same)
- Sayyed Amin Sajjadi (Technocrat)
- Dr. Sultani (Same)
Sura-e Markazi (Central committee)
This is the main administrative body of Hizb-e Wahdat. All the important concerned issues are discussed and the relevant decisions are being taken in this committee and implemented after the approval of the
Supreme Supervisory Council. Central Committee consists of the 80 members, who represent all the dissolved eight parties and persons from all the classes of the society. Though the former members of the Sazman-e Nasr have been
playing the key roles in this strong united party but all the issues are discussed in the central committee and after either the complete consensus or democratically, the majority based decision are being taken in this
The head of the Central Committee is titled as "The Secretary General" and the present head of the party is Mohammad Karim Khalili. The traditional headquarter of Central Committee is the historical and the
cultural city of Bamian. The Secretary General is the most honorable and respected member of the Central Committee and he is the symbol of pride and power of the party. All the party members and the heads of all the subsequent
committees respect him and obey his instructions.
Shura-e Markazi has leading council which consist of the six members:
- Secretary General Mohammad Karim Khalili (Behsud, Wardak)
- Senior Deputy Qurban Ali Irfani (Yakawalang, Bamian)
- Junior Deputy Mohaqiq Warasi (Wars, Bamian)
- First Secretary Sayyed Hashimi (Yakawalang, Bamian)
- Second Secretary Hameedi Sheikh Ali (Sheikh Ali, Parwan)
- Third Secretary Sitez (Kakrak, Ghazni)
Shura-e Markazi (Central Committee) is further divided into the following committees:
- Political Committee Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq (Bulkh)
- Military Committee Ameeni (Wardak)
- Cultural Committee Natiqi Shifahi (Orazgan)
- Intelligence Committee Mohammad Kazim Jafary (Samangan)
- Medical services Committee Dr.Aziz (Ghazni)
- Financial Committee Saadat (Wardak)
- Public Services committee Engineer Hussain Hisari (Wardak)
- Women's Committee Engineer Faiza Fallah (Kabul)
- Judiciary Committee Ayatollah Sheikh Zada (Ghazni)
- Public Relations Committee Muballigh Nahori (Ghazni)
- Archeology and heritage committee Engineer Safwat. (Kabul)
The main objective of all these committee are to facilitate the party duties of the Central Committee regarding the implement of the party programs and all the committees are subject to the Secretary
Other members of the Shura-e Markazi are as follows,
1)- Saeedi (Religious Scholar) Yakawalang, Bamian.
2)- Irfani Ghaznavi (Same) Qarabagh, Ghazni.
3)- Mohammad Fayyaz (Same) Orazgan.
4)- Taqaddusi (Same) Bamian
5)- Mohammad Natiqi (Same) Bamian
6)- Fazil Hussaini (Same) Lal-o- Sarganle, Ghor.
7)- Eid Mohammad Arifi (Same) Dara Suf, Samangan.
8)- Mohaqiq Zada (Same) Behsud, Wardak.
9)- Mustafa Aitamadi (Same) Daikundi, Orazgan.
10)- Ali Zada (Same) Malistan, Ghazni.
11)- Nasiri Nahori (Same) Nahor, ghazni.
12)- Waeezi Sharistani (Same) Shahristan, Orazgan.
13)- Ansari Baluch (Same) Kijran, Orazan.
14)- Hameedi (Same) Sheikh Ali, Parwan.
15)- Sharifi (Commander ) Pulkhumri, Baghlan.
16)- Irfani Jaghuri (Same) Jaghuri, Ghazni.
17)- Ameeni Turkmani (Same) Turkman, Parwan,
18)- Sajjadi Bulkhabi (Same) Bulkhab, Saripul.
19)- Ameeri (Same) Bandar, Orazgan.
20)- Ali Akbar Qasimi (Same) Nahor, Ghazni.
21)- Rajab yourish (Same) Kabul.
22)- Sabiri Lali (Same) Lal-o-Sargungle, Ghor.
23)- Qasim Khidri (Same) Zaranj, Nimroz.
24)- General Mukhtar (Same) Sheikh Ali, Parwan.
25)- Fahimi Bulkhabi (Same) Bulkhab, Saripul.
26)- Haji Namatullah Masab (Same) Sholgara, Bulkh.
27)- Sayyed Basir (Same) Behsud, Wardak.
28)- Zaki (Same) Bamian.
29)- Dr. Saee (Intellectual ) Waras, Bamian.
30)- Engineer Aqeel (Intellectual) Jighatu, Ghazni.
31)- Dr. Talib Rasool (Same) Qarabagh, Ghazni.
32)- Engineer Subhani (Same) Sheikh Ali, Parwan.
33)- Engineer Karim (Same) Kabul.
34)- Engineer Sabit (Same) Kabul.
35)- Dr.G.M. Yailaqi (Economist) Mazar, Bulkh.
36)- Dr.Abdul Wahid (Late) (Intellectual) Jighatu, Ghazni.
37)- Engineer Deedar Ali (Same) Jaghuri, Ghazni.
38)- Azizullah shafaq (Writer, poet) Behsud, Wardak.
39)- Surosh (writer) Yakawalang, Bamian.
40)- Hussain Fitrat (Writer) Pulkhumri, Baghlan.
41)- Mohaqiq Afshar (Historian) Kabul.
42)- Zare (Intellectual) Hirat.
43)- Syyed Aala Rehmati (Intellectual) Yakawalang, Bamian.
44)- Ustad Moahidi Bulkhi (Writer, poet) Chaharkent, Bulkh.
45)- Muallim Baba (Intellectual, Baron) Kakrak, ghazni.
46)- Muallim Amin (Educationalist) Hirat.
47)- Sarwar Danish (Writer) Daikundi, Orazgan.
48)- Mohd Ishaq Fayyaz (Writer and scholar) Shahristan, Orazgan.
49)- Annabi (Writer) Sheikh Ali, Parwan.
50)- Wasiq (Magnate, Intellectual) Behsud, Wardak.
51)- Doulat Hussain (Magnate) Dahan-e Ghori, Baghlan.
52)- Senator Salaam (Magnate, Ex-senator) Saripul town, Saripul.
53)- Hayatullah Balaghi (Magnate, Intellectual) Jighatu, Ghazni.
54)- Maqsoodi (Magnate) Nahor, Ghazni.
Women Members of Central Committee of Hizb Wahdat:
There are ten women members in the central committee of Hizb-e Wahdat. Wahdat claims that there is no any party in Afghanistan, which has quota for women in their central committee or holding any post of any
committee*. The ladies members of the central committee are as follow:
- Engineer Faiza Fallah (Kabul) Chairperson committe for Women
- Dr. Mrs. Lailuma Hashimi (Kabul)
- Dr. Rahila Qilzim Kaweer (Kabul)
- Dr. Mrs. Marzia Seema (Ghazni)
- Mrs. Ameena Sheewa (Panjab, Bamian)
- Dr. Miss.Salma Wahidi (Punjab, Bamian)
- Miss.Aqeela Farzam Fatimi (Mazar-e Sharif, Balkh)
- Mrs. Sara Mazari (Chahar Kent, Balkh)
- Mrs. Fazaili (Orazgan-e Khas, Orazgan)
- Mrs. Sakhi (Dalan, Bulkh)